Egyptology must bear the exercise too, for we know in Ancient Egypt magic (” heka”) was the cornerstone of all major & minor state cults as well as being crucial. The magical word of Heka could mean several meanings to many people. Each of these meanings also signifies many faces of complex Egyptian magic and. In Egyptian magic, spells and conjurations are the most important aspects of a magical ritual. Spell casting is identifiable with a term called heka.

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The Great Word was spoken by Re to create the world and by Pharaoh to fashion the terrestial order. As this “life” was also an offering of justice and truth by Pharaoh to the deities, hieroglyphs participated in the divine life of the monarch. The daemon of darkness is about, the times are not separated. He the sun god created for them magic as a weapon, to fend off the blows of the happenings. Homage to thee, O great God, Lord of Maati!

The Memphite theology developed at the end of the New Kingdom probably used the Heliopolitan theology to develop its own interpretation of the “logos”. However, some magc also used magic for their own purposes. The mind of Re brings clarity, distinction and operational control in all contexts. Disease was the outcome of this loss of equilibrium between and control over the forces of chaos.

Introduction to Heka – Egyptian Witchcraft

He was also the arbiter, and his duty was to prevent Set or Horus from destroying the other. This primeval goddess was the guardian of the sacred, the hidden, namely fertility, birth, creation, death and resurrection. Thou dost not cast seed into his anus?


These associations prove the point that Hathor was one of the manifestations of the Great Sorceress and her magical powers derived from nature. Heka, which by no means had any illegal or evil connotations.

This assimilation was not complete, and hence goddesses continued to play heks part as mothers, sisters and wives. To be trampled with the left hema, to be fallen with the spear and knife; to be placed on the fire in the melting-furnace of the copper-smiths To Pharaoh belonged everything before any deity had come into being.

In this way he succeeded in maintaining his power, and he continued to occupy his kingdom in peace for a considerable period.

Heka: The magic of ancient Egypt

To become conscious of the transcendental Self, the empirical ego should be bracketed. Eventually, Heka was elevated to a deity in his own right and a cult devoted to him developed.

See, their names written on their breasts, having been made of wax, and also bound with bonds of black rope. The proto-typical battle between Horus and Seth matic one in which the feminine is totally absent.

About years after the establishment of Egyptology as an academic field, there still appears to be no agreement between scholars on the function of the Great Pyramid of Giza. So how could his magic fail? Re remained the guarantee of every monarch’s worth. The choice neka wax as the most preferred spell casting materials had its own significance and importance.

These are vehicles for this sacred energy hekz force cf. Magic explained the relationships between causes and effects using ideas people mahic relate to. The epistemic status of these godforms are not rational but proto-rational. The third element was Heka, used in the Coptic New Testament to translate “mageia”, the knowledge and art of a hereditary priestly class among the ancient Medes and Persians exercising supernatural powers over natural forces.


Writing reflected the part one had played in the state.

Heka – Magic or Meaningful Speech – Ancient Egypt – The White Goddess

He was able to keep these hostile forces in exact equilibrium. Every objective observation implies an observer bound by the limitations of a given stage of cognitive development, i. In contemporary African philosophy, so-called “traditional thought” involving the existence of gods, ancestor spirits and their supernatural power, practices, rituals and social involvements is embraced as the characterizing mark of African culture or shunned as the loathsome past to be critically modernized.

After this period, they continued in the chapels of the tomb as long as the Ka-priests got payed. She was given the title of ‘Lady of Life’, and was seen as a beneficial force to counteract illness.

He was the only living man in Egypt able to communicate with the pantheon. More about the Egyptian Calendar.

Upper Egypt assumed cultural leadership, and Badarian and Naqadan magicc span the fourth millenium. Pictoral ideography a variety of hieroglyphs representing idea’s, notions, contexts, categories, modalities or nuance’s conveys additional meaning. Each of these components maagic to each other by a common objective of providing a desired result.

He was the secretary of Re, the “scribe of the gods” and also Re’s messenger who promulgated the laws of “the Lord of the All”. A stroke for example was the determinative indicating that the function of the hieroglyph was logographic.