Asian common toads (Duttaphrynus melanostictus) have a wide distribution across Asia. The native distribution extends north from Pakistan through Nepal. Duttaphrynus melanostictus, known as the Asian common toad, is widely distributed in South and Southeast Asia. It goes by a multitude of other common names. Duttaphrynus melanostictus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes.

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They have thick dry skin with prominent cranial ridges and protruding parotid gland.

Epiphytes and climbing plants are also abundant. Asian common toads breed during melanosticgus monsoonand their tadpoles are black. Secondary homonym of Bufo spinipes Daudin, Bufo camortensis Mansukhani and Sarkar, Bull.

Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Schneider, ) | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

Meghamalai landscape, southern Western Ghats was surveyed for anurans xuttaphrynus March to January Caucase Georgie Perse, Zool.: Asian common toads Duttaphrynus melanostictus have a wide distribution across Asia. Shen,Fauna Hunan, Amph. Bufo tienhoensis Bourret,Annexe Bull.

Bufo dubia – Gray, Ill. Highways passing through natural reserves have adverse impact on wild animals.


India Biodiversity Portal

Average number of offspring 40, eggs per clutch Range time to hatching 24 to 48 hours There is no parental care in Asian common toads KahnMercyThe State of QueenslandSaidapur and Girish “Pest Risk Assessment: The possible introduction of these toads could be detrimental to a new ecosystem. Ansonia kamblei Ravichandran and Pillai, Rec. Observation specific search options Observed during. The parotoids are prominent, kidney-shaped, or elliptical and elongated.

Asian spined toad Duftaphrynus melanostictus “, ; Mercy, Asian common toads are insectivorous although these toads are also know to be an opportunist and will feed on a variety of arthropods and even mollusks.

Saidapur dutttaphrynus Girish showed that Asian common toad tadpoles reared with sibling groups grow at a higher rate and develop faster compared to larvae reared in mixed groups. Synonymy questioned by Crombie,J. The threats to which this taxon is subject. These toxins would beyond reasonable doubt severely affect native predators, such as snakes, goannas [21] and quolls.

ADW: Duttaphrynus melanostictus: INFORMATION

To cite this page: May also be referred to include anatomy. It secretes a milky toxin that is poisonous to birds, mammals and snakes in its non-native range where duttaaphrynus also affects the lower levels of the food chain by competing with native amphibians and feeding on a wide range of invertebrates.


The top of the head has several bony ridges, along the edge of the snout canthal ridgein front of the eye preorbitalabove the eye supraorbitalbehind the eye postorbitaland a short one between the eye and ear orbitotympanic.

duttaphrgnus When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Dubois and Ohler,J. Their backs are covered with a series of warts varying in sizes; warts are encircled with black or dark pigments and have spines protruding.

Keeled-nosed Toad Gray,Illust. Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: Bufo melanostictus Schneider, Synonymy with Bufo isos by Peters,Ann.

Bufo bengalensis Daudin, “An. See Inger,Fieldiana, Zool. Encyclopedia of Life EOL. Parotid glands large, elliptical and kidney shaped. Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation.