Principles of Atoric Lens Design – Laramy-K Optical. Views. 4 years ago. Lens, · Lenses, · Aspheric, · Atoric, · Cylinder, · Meridian, · Spherical. free-form back surface aspheric/atoric design with a spherical front surface to % of the aspheric/atoric design is surfaced on the back side of the lens. Jan 21, I have one question about those above topics What is the difference between aspheric, toric and atoric (for glasses, not for contact lenses).

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With sufficiently advanced software, it is possible to customize the progressive lens design based upon the unique fitting parameters of each wearer Figure 8. Both focal power and surface power are measured in units called diopters abbreviated ‘D’.

Toric lens

Peripheral vision generally requires the wearer to look away from the optical center of the lens. A torus is the spatial body resulting when a circle with radius r rotates around an axis lying within the same plane as the circle, at a distance R from the circle’s centre see figure at right. A given lens power can be produced with an almost endless variety of lens forms, as long as the sum of the front and back surface powers remains equal to the desired focal power.

Consequently, different manufacturers may have slightly different base curve recommendations for their lenses.

As with the base curve of a best form lens, the amount or degree of asphericity will depend upon the focal power of the lens.

The sagittal plane of the lens represents the meridian of the lens that is perpendicular to the tangential plane i. The dioptric difference between these two focal lines is known as the astigmatic error of the lens.


Progressive lens wearers more frequently engaged in tasks associated with far vision may prefer progressive lens designs customized with larger distance zones, whereas wearers with greater near vision demands may prefer lens designs customized with larger near zones.

Note that the best form lens design provides good peripheral optics that is, very little oblique astigmatism off-centerwhile the flattened lens design that is, made using a flatter base curve provides a thinner, lighter, and flatter profile with poor optics. Back-surface lenses employ a factory-molded spherical front and a free-form-surfaced progressive back surface that has been combined with the prescription curves; the progressive optics are directly surfaced.

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Wearers can therefore enjoy the best optical performance possible, regardless of their unique fitting requirements. These sphere, cylinder, axis and addition power adjustments are supplied as a compensated prescription, which represents the correct lens powers to verify when using a llens focimeter.

Don’t feed the Beast Furthermore, the binocular utility of the lenses is maintained with more symmetrical fields of view. For instance, the designer may choose to minimize power errors out designn a certain point and then exaggerate asphericity to improve cosmesis beyond that point. At intermediate orientations, the refractive power desigb gradually from the greatest to the smallest value, or reverse. In the absence of oblique astigmatism, a spectacle lens brings light to a focus across a curved image plane referred to as the Petzval surface.

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The errors from the desired prescription produced by these lens aberrations result in blurred vision in the periphery and a restricted field of clear vision. It has also been demonstrated that individuals vary in their habitual head movement. Optical Factors of Lens Form.

Generally, flatter base curves are chosen for cosmesis.

Lenns are some exceptions to this rule, though they are rare. The result is a change in the effective power of the prescription away from the optical axis or optical center of the lens, leaving a “residual” refractive error.


Wollaston experimented with different lens forms to improve peripheral vision. Manufacturers typically produce a series of semi-finished lens blanks, each with its own base curve.

Toric lens – Wikipedia

Spherical aberration affects rays of light from objects situated near the optical axis, while coma affects rays of light deisgn objects away from the optical axis. A toric lens is a lens that has more than one spherical radius in it’s principal meridians. The dioptric difference between the actual focal point of the lens and its desired focal point is the power error of the lens.

Power error is an aberration that results from the difference in focus between the Petzval surface PS oens the far-point sphere FPS of the eye.

In summary, flatter lens forms provide the following mechanical and cosmetic benefits:. In addition to lens thickness, varying the lens form will also produce significant differences in desig plate heightor overall bulge, between lenses of the same power.

A typical process begins by generating the lens surface using a three-axis, computer numerically controlled or CNC generator.

Best Form Lens Design. The earliest lens forms were flat. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Describe the opportunities that free-form manufacturing has for future use in progressive lenses. Some cataract lenses, such as the Welsh 4-Dropemployed such an approach.