PDF | A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one. Avicenna’s Canon of Medicine-Al-qanun fi al-tibb. The oldest copies of the second volume of ” Canon Of Medicine ” () by Abu Ali Ibn Sina, known in the . A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one.

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Ibn Sina’s The Canon of Medicine | Muslim Heritage

One is brutal spirit residing in the heart and it is the origin of all spirits. Apart from the methodical classification and precise descriptions of aetiological factors and signs in his chapter on urinary disturbances, Ibn Sina pointed out the role of psychological factors in the treatment of certain cases of nocturnal nuresis.

Australian Bush Western Europe. In disease pathogenesisfor example, Avicenna “added his own view of different types of spirits or vital life essences and souls, whose disturbances might lead to bodily diseases because of a close association between them and such master organs as the brain and heart”. Galen, Ibn Sina, and Hippocrates, the three authorities on medical theory and practice in a woodcut from an early 15th-century Latin medical book.

These four spirits go-between the soul of absolute purity and the body of absolute impurity.

The obverse depicts a scene showing Avicenna surrounded by his disciples, inspired by a miniature in a 17th-century Turkish manuscript; whilst on the reverse is a phrase by Avicenna in Arabic and Latin: The Canon continues to explain the sun’s position in relation to ideal temperament and the role that climate and human skin play.

For this reason, in order to comprehend thoroughly the medicine of Ibn Sina, we must first perform an exhaustive study of the meanings al-qnaun the medical terms used in the medical literature of the period.

In scenes below, physicans appear to be helping patients and instructing others in how to plant and gather herbs.


The Canon of Medicine remained a medical authority for centuries. This action represents both the direct and the accidental benefit of the drug.

The Canon of Medicine Arabic: Soon after, eleven complete incunables were published, followed by fourteen la-qanun Latin editions in the 16th century until Thereby, Ibn Sina represents a lively illustration of the meeting between philosophy and education, for the educator and the philosopher are both faced with the same problems: Canon describes humans as having eight different “varieties of equipoise”, or differing temperaments.

In the fourth period, both vigor and intelligence decline.

What does Al-Qanun Fi Al-Tibb (the Canon of Medicine) say on head injuries?

The medical traditions of Galen and thereby Hippocrateshad dominated Islamic medicine from its beginnings. In other words, it is the art whereby health is concerned and al-tibn art by which it is restored after being lost. There are only four because something cannot be simultaneously hotter and colder or drier and moister. He was also the first to point out the fact that haematuria may be due to causes outside the urinary system, for example, blood diseases. In these cases, an experiment would be of no help in deciding whether [the drug] is hot or cold, unless we could know that it acted directly on one disease and acted on a symptom of the other.

If we cannot aptly comment on the theories regarding the etymology of illnesses or, in other terms, the “philosophy of medicine”, I believe that it will be impossible to thoroughly comprehend ancient medicine. Al-qahun Canon then describes when temperaments are unequal, in other words, illness. So it is best to experiment first using the weakest al-qanub and then increase it gradually until you know the potency of the drug, leaving no room for doubt.

Sometimes during their application against coldness, their function for producing warmth is weakened. Spirit and Life – Aga Khan Museum”.

The Evolution Of Modern Medicine. It is important to note however, Mustafa b. As long as [the soul] is in the heart, it is quite warm, with the nature of fire, and the softness of bile is dominant. It al-qanuh a literal translation, yet most of the terms of Arabic origin that are found in it have different meanings from those of today. The fourth is generative — i. This section describes blood and compares its healthy states with altibb unhealthy states.


Retrieved 20 December Confusingly, there appear to have been two men called Gerard of Cremona, both translators of Arabic texts into Latin. Avicenna generalizes youth as having a “hot” temperament, but comments that there is controversy over which periods of youth are al-qamun. Medical a-qanun started to use the Canon in the 13th century, while university courses implemented the text from the 14th century onwards.

Liber Canonis, de Medicinis Cordialibus et Cantica, iam olim quidem a Gerardo Carmonensi ex arabico in latinum conversa. If the experiment is carried out on the bodies of [other animals] it is possible that it might fail for two reasons: Serous humour resembles al-qsnun and is necessary for body tissues for two reasons: Other articles Fk MB The first mention of carotid artery hypersensitivity”.

Only after this may we wholly understand the old medical texts. International Journal of Cardiology.

Actions in such cases could be accidental: Some are “simple members” or “elementary tissue” such as bone, cartilage and tendons. That part, which enters the liver to al-ttibb its vitality and functions, becomes softer, warmer and sensibly wet, and in its composition the softness of air and vapor of blood dominate.

The Canon of Medicine is divided into five books: Avicenna added his own comments, highlighting differences between recipes from different sources, and sometimes giving his own recipe. The material cause, the efficient cause, the formal cause, and the final cause: A cura di Giuliano Tamani. At al-qaunn, it [proper soul] enters the master organs such as the brain, liver or reproductive organs; from there it goes to other organs while the nature of the soul is being modified in each [of them].